OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Magnoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Magnolia fraseri   FAMILY Magnoliaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Magnolia fraseri   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America

Magnolia fraseri

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 080-02-004:

Magnolia fraseri   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Magnolia fraseri

 

COMMON NAME:
Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_mafr_001_lvd

        

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_mafr_002_lvd

        

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm0402c_07

February    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Terminal buds purplish, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004).

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

Ron Lance    rwl_mag_fraseri_trunk

March    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm100430_151

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

False whorls of leaves at branch tips impart an umbrella-like appearance, per South Carolina's Native Magnolias (Figlar, 2007).

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmagnfra_1

April        

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmagnfra_2

April        

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmfraseri_234

April-May?        

Flowers large and pleasantly scented, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance).

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm0505f_36

May    Transylvania County    NC

Roadside

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm110507_249

May    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Flowers are sweet-scented with cream-colored petals and 8-10" across, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm140519_964

May    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

Bark gray, thin, smooth, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004).

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm140519_969

May    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

A canopy species typically in moist rich soils, to 30m in optimum sites, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004).

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm160504_442

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm160504_445

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

Keith Bradley    kab_m_fraseri_73442

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

Keith Bradley    kab_m_fraseri_73465

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

Ron Lance    rwl_mag_fraseri

May    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

Ron Lance    rwl_mag_fraseri_habit

May    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    s040807_a

August    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

Leaf blades 10-18" long, 5-8" wide, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

Tricia Kyzer    tkz_magnolia_cone

August?        

Fruit an aggregate of follicles, bright red when mature, glabrous, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of follicles

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm0009a_17a

September    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm0410i_16

October    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm0410l_09

October    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

Bark thin, smooth, grayish-brown, becoming slightly scaly, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    s041027_b

October    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

Blades obovate to spatulate, conspicuously auriculate at the base, glabrous, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Magnolia species

image of Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree

JK Marlow    jkm201107_8053

November    Greenville County    SC

Caesars Head State Park

Its large "whorled" leaves eyecatching even in a vibrant medley of fall color.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Magnolia fraseri   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Magnolia fraseri   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Magnolia fraseri

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 080-02-004:
Magnolia fraseri   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Magnolia fraseri

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

896

Tree
Perennial

Habitat: Mesic to dry forests, per Weakley's Flora

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in Mountains (uncommon in upper Carolina Piedmont, rare in GA Piedmont)

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, crowded at branch tips & appearing whorled ("umbrella-like")

FLOWER:
Spring
Creamy-white
Bisexual
Usually radially symmetrical
3 sepals
6-12 petals
Numerous stamens

FRUIT:
Summer
Aggregate of follicles

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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