OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (2/8/20):
Cercis canadensis   FAMILY Fabaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Cercis canadensis var. canadensis   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Native & naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the US (Isely, 1998)

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 098-04-001:

Cercis canadensis   FAMILY Fabaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Cercis canadensis

 

COMMON NAME:
Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

JK Marlow    jkm0303y_07

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

Keith Bradley    kab_c_canadensis_2506

March    Calhoun County    SC

Congaree Bluffs Heritage Preserve

Flowers are borne on old wood, and appear in spring before the leaves, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC (Porcher & Rayner, 2001).

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

Jan Haldeman    jhh305_a

March?        

"Cauliferous" flowers often grow straight out of trunks and branches, per Pause for Plants (Haldeman).

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

Jan Haldeman    jhh305_b

March?        

Calyx reddish or roseate, basally oblique, lobes triangularly dentate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_cercis_canadensis_2_s

April        

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

Sam Pratt    sbp_20140402_181405

April    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_cercis_canadensis

May        MA

Arnold Arboretum

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_cercis_canadensis_10

July        

Bark dark gray to brown, becoming slightly furrowed with thin scaly plates, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_cercis_canadensis_12

July        

Leaves palmately veined, glabrous above, bases heart-shaped, margins entire, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

JK Marlow    s050902_f

September    Greenville County    SC

Petioles swollen at both ends, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance).

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

JK Marlow    jkm141024_260

October    Greenville County    SC

Fruit a flat, oblong legume, 3-4" long, stalked, dark brown, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).

image of Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree

JK Marlow    jkm0411i_07

November    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Fruit often persisting, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (2/8/20):
Cercis canadensis   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Cercis canadensis var. canadensis   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Native & naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the US (Isely, 1998)
Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 098-04-001:
Cercis canadensis   FAMILY Fabaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Cercis canadensis

 

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305

Tree
Perennial

Habitat: Moist to dry forests and woodlands, especially over calcareous or mafic rocks, also commonly planted as an ornamental, per Weakley's Flora

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Unifoliolate (technically compound but having only 1 leaflet and appearing simple)
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Winter/Spring
Rose/Pink (rarely white)
Usually bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-toothed irregularly campanulate calyx
5-parted corolla, vaguely papilionaceous
10 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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