Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Learn more about Perennial Sand Bean from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 098-46-002:
Strophostyles umbellata FAMILY Fabaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Perennial Sand Bean, Perennial Wild Bean, Pink Wild Bean, Pink Fuzzy-Bean
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow jkm0408j_29
August Oconee County SC
Leaflets not lobed; terminal leaflet 0.3-2.0 cm wide, per Weakley's Flora.
COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and pinnately compound
Richard and Teresa Ware rtw_s_umbellata
Keel petal with a prominent, erect, thick-based and slightly curved beak, per Phylogenetic Systematics of Strophostyles (Fabaceae) (Riley-Hulting, 2004).
Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Habitat: Dry sandy or rocky woodlands, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora
Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Common (uncommon in NC Mountains)
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
Odd-pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
Leaves have petioles.
Leaflets have petiolules.
Leaves are subtended by stipules.
Leaflets are subtended by stipels.
2-lipped 5-lobed campanulate calyx (upper lobes united, so it appears 4-lobed)
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
10 stamens, diadelphous, 9 and 1
Flowers in axillary clusters
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses (Miller & Miller, 2005) p182
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 1st ed. (Porcher & Rayner, 2001) p395
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 2nd ed. (McMillan, Porcher, Rayner, & White; 2022) p545
- Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Newcomb, 1977) p110
- Wildflowers of the Atlantic Southeast (Cotterman, Waitt, & Weakley, 2019) p342
- Wildflowers of the Eastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1999) p041
- Wild Flowers of NC, 2nd edition (Justice, Bell, & Lindsey, 2005) p132
- Field Guide to the Wildflowers of Georgia (Chafin, 2016) p205
- Wildflowers of Tennessee (Carman, 2005) p140
- Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005) p177
- Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains (Smith, 1998) p078
If a search such as "Carex leptalea var. leptalea" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "Carex leptalea".
Or, to minimize chances of a misspelling, try just "Carex le".
Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".