Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Dipsacales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Read more about Sambucus at Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
INCLUDED WITHIN Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 174-06-002:
Sambucus pubens FAMILY Caprifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Eastern Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow jkm160503_178
May Haywood-Jackson Counties NC
Blue Ridge Parkway
Bears its flowers in elongated, panicle-like inflorescences, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005).
JK Marlow jkm0407u_07
July Mitchell County NC
The Roan Highlands
The leaves have 5 to7 coarsely toothed leaflets, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance).
Ron Lance rwl1311_a
Fruits red, borne in elongated or racemose clusters, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004).
COMPARE fruit of Elderberry species
Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Habitat: spruce-fir and northern hardwood forests, especially typical on boulderfield, talus, and other rocky situations, primarily at high elevations in the Mountains, though sometimes descending in our area (mainly in VA and northward) to low elevations (as low as 75 m), per Weakley's Flora
Native to North Carolina & Georgia
Uncommon in NC, rare in GA
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
Odd-pinnately compound: 5-11 leaflets
5 sepals, very small
5-lobed rotate corolla
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Great Smoky Mountains Wildflowers (Campbell, Hutson, Sharp, & Hutson, 1962) p082
- Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants p127
- Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast (Foote & Jones, 1989) p125
- Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Newcomb, 1977) p320
- Wild Flowers of NC, 2nd edition (Justice, Bell, & Lindsey, 2005) p214
- Wildflowers of Tennessee (Carman, 2005) p268
- Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005) p310
- Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance) p05
- Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont (Spira, 2011) p313