OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Dipsacales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Sambucus canadensis   FAMILY Adoxaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 174-06-001:

Sambucus canadensis   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

INCLUDING Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)

Sambucus canadensis var. canadensis

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Sambucus canadensis

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Sambucus simpsonii

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Elderberry, American Elder


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm191222_2372_s_canadens

    Clay County    AL

Cheaha State Park

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_saca12_001_lvd

        

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm0005e_31

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm0206b_09a

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm0306f_17

June    Greenville County    SC

Many small, white, fragrant flowers gathered in large flat-topped clusters, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee (Hunter, 2002).

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm0406f_28

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm070601_003

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm070601_012

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm070601_019

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm0407k_26

July    Jackson County    NC

Roadside

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    s040713_d

July    Jackson County    NC

Roadside

Leaves with 5-11 coarsely toothed leaflets, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance).

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    s040713_e

July    Jackson County    NC

Roadside

Leaflets occasionally subdivided or lobed, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance).

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

Gill Newberry    gn08_s_canadensis_berries

August        

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

Gill Newberry    gn08_s_canadensis_habitat

August        

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

Gill Newberry    gn08_s_lvs_and_fr

August        

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm0308r_19

August    Jackson County    NC

Roadside

Fruits dark purplish-black or black, borne in flat-topped clusters, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004).


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Elderberry species

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm060805_110

August    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry, American Elder

JK Marlow    jkm060805_117

August    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Sambucus canadensis   FAMILY Adoxaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 174-06-001:
Sambucus canadensis   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

INCLUDING Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Sambucus canadensis var. canadensis

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Sambucus canadensis

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Sambucus simpsonii

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1310

Shrub
Perennial

Habitat: Bottomland and riparian forests, streambanks, thickets, marshes, swamps, seeps, spring runs, mesic upland forests, pond margins, pastures, fencerows, other disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 5-11 leaflets
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
5 sepals, very small
5-lobed rotate corolla
5 stamens
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Purplish/Blackish
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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