Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Pinales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Learn more about Picea from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow jkm0405b_21
May Rutherford County NC
Chimney Rock Park
Leaves 4-sided, pointed, attached to peglike bases on twigs, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance).
COMPARE needles of Fir, Hemlock and Spruce
Richard and Teresa Ware rtw_picea_abies
Cones are pendent, red-brown to gray, over 10cm long, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004).
COMPARE conifers (not including Pines)
JK Marlow jkm060711_103
July Fayette County WV
Babcock State Park
Drooping of twigs & branchlets on lower limbs apparent only on mature trees, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004).
Habitat: Fairly commonly planted in the montane and northern parts of our area as a street or yard tree, also persisting and escaping from forestry plantations at moderate or high elevations, notably in e. WV, Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Kephart Prong), Mount Mitchell State Park, and the Biltmore Estate, per Weakley's Flora
Non-native: northern Europe
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
Leaves needle-like, 4-sided
Needles not in bundles, arranged on all sides of twig (less dense below)
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Identifying Trees: An All-Season Guide to Eastern North America (Williams, 2007) p368
- Trees of the Southeastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1988) p037
- Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance) p02
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004) p236